新選組簡介

新選組,日本幕府末期令人聞風喪膽的武士組織,以守護德川將軍及維護京都治安為任。別名「壬生狼」,由近藤勇 (Kondō Isami) 及土方歲三 (Hijikata Toshizō) 統率,擅以暗殺、圍剿方式殺敵,在池田屋事件上更是一戰成名,威名傳遍京都、大阪及江戶。

新選組於一八六三年創立,在翌年池田屋事件成功瓦解激進長州藩的「火燒京都」計劃,其偵察調查、戰略部署及行動執行均獲幕府朝廷及大眾認同。隊中紀律甚嚴,局中法度所列舉的禁令更讓人透不過氣來,雖則可把隊士軍紀嚴明,易於掌控,但卻令隊中內部分裂加劇,內鬥不絕。隨著維新派的積極推進、先進武器的採用及幕府內部對前景的矛盾等,新選組於一八六八年的鳥羽.伏見之役起節節敗退,從京都戰場轉到江戶、會津及箱館,最終一八六九年五月退出舞台。

維新後,當時明治政府為建立自身威望,仍然強權打壓舊幕府軍的各人各事,持極之負面評價,所以一般百姓都對新選組以「幕府走狗、冷血暗殺」等作標籤,直到《新選組顛末記》的出現令大家重新認識新選組對幕府的忠誠及暗殺的情理。《新選組顛末記》是《小樽新聞》於一九一三年訪問永倉新八所作的一份回憶錄,讓歷史學家對事件的經過及箇中謎團有更深一層的了解,也令新選組獲得平反。

隨著時間流逝,新選組仍然是動漫、遊戲、電視及電影等題材靈感,《浪客劍心》、《薄櫻鬼》、《光之風》、《新選組異聞錄》及《銀魂》等作品均參照新選組及隊中靈魂人物造型, 創作角色增添娛樂性但難免令歷史真實感模糊起來。

在歷經一百五十年後的今天,新選組的一切仍能令我們笑過、哭過,並對他們的際遇惋惜。此網頁的製作以真誠推廣新選組為初心,讓他們的忠誠、偉大及英勇事跡延續下去。

SHINSENGUMI

The Shinsengumi (1863 – 1869) was one of the shogunate army and was active in Kyoto at the end of the Edo period. Led by Kondō Isami and Hijikata Toshizō, the Shinsengumi, formerly known as Roshigumi organized by the shogunate for guarding the 14th Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi, was founded by the lord of Aizu-han Matsudaira Katamori. They gained considerable fames in Ikedaya Jiken and Coup of August 18 event etc.

With the proclaimation of Taisei Hokan (returning the power to the Emperor) and Oseifukko-no-Daigorei (restoring the Imperial rule) in force respectively in October and December 1867, the Boshin War broke out between the forces of former shogunate and the new government.

After the heavy loss in the Battle of Toba-Fushimi, the Shinsengumi continued to fight against the antagonists and unfortunately suffered from the great disadvantage with Kondō Isami being decapitated at Itabashi on 25 April 1868. Hijikata Toshizō, who re-established the army force with the Hakodate Government of former shogunate, was killed in the all-out assault of Hakodate on 11 May 1869.

The Shinsengumi, tiding over the turbulent state of the late Tokugawa period, stayed loyal and fought bravely against the revolution initiated by the new government forces. Most of the members fought to their ends in the battles. However their way of life that sacrificed itself for loyalty to the shogunate and belief in Bushido have attracted many people worldwide and remained one of the favourable and prominent figures in the Japanese history.