新選組，日本幕府末期令人聞風喪膽的武士組織，以守護德川將軍及維護京都治安為任。別名「壬生狼」，由近藤勇 (Kondō Isami) 及土方歲三 (Hijikata Toshizō) 統率，擅以暗殺、圍剿方式殺敵，在池田屋事件上更是一戰成名，威名傳遍京都、大阪及江戶。
The Shinsengumi was one of the Shogunate Army and was active in Kyoto at the end of Edo period. Led by Kondō Isami and Hijikata Toshizō, Shinsengumi, formerly known as Roshigumi which was organized by Shogunate for guarding the 14th Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi, was founded in 1863 to the lord of Aizu domain Matsudaira Katamori for guarding the Kyoto City. They gained considerable fames in Ikedaya Incident and Coup of August 18 event etc.
With the Taisei Hokan (returning the power to the Emperor) and Oseifukko-no-Daigorei (restoring the Imperial rule) in place in October and December 1867 respectively, the Boshin War broke out between the former Shogunate forces and the New Government’s forces. After the tremendous loss in the Battle of Toba-Fushimi, Shinsengumi continued to fight against the New Government’s forces with all their might.
However Shinsengumi had started to fall into great disadvantage after Kondō Isami surrendered to the enemy in the outnumbered fight at Nagareyama and later decapitated at Itabashi on 25 April 1868. Hijikata Toshizō, who withdrew and re-established the army force with the Hakodate Government by former Shogunate, was killed in the all-out assault of Hakodate on 11 May 1869.
Shinsengumi, running through the times of the turbulence in late Tokugawa period, fought bravely against the revolution initiated by the New Government’s forces. Most of the members lost their life in the battles. However their way of life that sacrificed itself for loyalty to the Shogunate and belief in Bushido still attracts many people worldwide.